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Active Start - U7 - Judo Development

Active Start – U7

Framework

  • 1-2 training/-s each week, with a duration at 45-60 minutes each training.
    • 50 % of the training will be general development training
    • 45 % of the training will be sport specific skill training
      • 60-70 % of this will be with focus on Ukemi and Ne-waza.
      • 30-40 % of this will focus on tachi-waza. 
    • 5 % of the training will be sport specific performance training
      •   Such as modified randori: Ne-waza only, and in the club only. 
  • Focus on basic movement skills and patterns, locomotion (walking, running, jumping, swimming), climbing, throwing, catching, kicking. 
  • Include both hand-eye and foot-eye, hand-foot coordination activities.
  • Progress from gtound to standing, easy to difficult and simple to complex. 
  • Activities should be designed to ensure success and develop self-esteem and a desire to participate.
  • Activities should be tasks and participation focused, this to build their self motivation, but also focusing on social interactions for the children.
  • Activities shall not focus on performance and results in this stage. 
  • Activities can be competitive if its focus is on tasks performed in groups, and different groups. Here emphasis needs to be on participation and to do the task together in a group, not on performance!
  • The training shall be all-round and varies between sessions, where the children shall not know whats coming next, and where focus also is to develop all physical abilities!
  • It’s a training and it’s not a ‘free play’ for children where nothing is planned.  The training needs to be well prepared, with a written and well thought out season plan with an specified session plan, where the plan will emphasize on development of the necessary abilities in this age group.
  • The training shall be playful and where activities shall be fun, therefore the form of training in this stage is well thought out games that develops the necessary abilities in this age group. 
  • The aim of all the training is to gain a long term development for the children, and give them the right abilities and the right conditions for development to become athletes. This is the goal of all trainers, we ain’t ‘play leaders’ or ‘babysitters’, so this is the mission as a trainer nothing less!
  • The highest grade in this age group is half white half yellow belt, 6th+ kyu.

General objectives

  • Develop general awareness of the body and general fitness. 
  • Develop fundamental movement skills (running, jumping, throwing, swimming etc.)
  • Develop a broad knowledge of movement patterns and skills. 
    • Basic movement patterns: static and dynamic balance, displacement of the body, jump, hand-eye, foot-eye and hand-foot coordination, rotation, climbing, transport a thing or a person, etc. 
    • Basic movement skills:  stand two and on one leg, stand on two and one leg then close your eyes, jump on two and one leg, then with closed eyes, go on a straight line, indian jumps, crawl (stomach, back and side), crawl on your knees, crawl on all four, throw and catch something, etc.   
  • Introduce agility, balance, coordination and speed training.
    • Coordination, agility and balance to be accomplished through general exercises and a variety of judo-related games. 
    • Short duration of speed/agility can be incorporated in games or by relays. 
  • Short duration of aerobic efforts – allow for a spontaneous application of effort by the child – no structured time frames for exercises. 
  • Develop suppleness (flexibility)
    • Flexibilities exercises can also be incorporated  in games that also emphasize coordination and agility. 
  • Develop smart games where the children is challenge in different ways and with different abilities
    • Obstacle course, relays, follow the leader, simon says, tag games etc. 
    • Build different shapes with the body, create games with stories, like an obstacle course – a hunt for the emerald city in the deep jungle. 
    • Challenge the children in different elements: in the air (jump, skips) on the ground (crawl, walk, run, rotate) in water (dip, plash, dive, float) on snow and ice (crawl, walk, pulse, glide and skate).

Judo- specific objectives 

Basic Ukemi-waza

  • First learn to roll in all directions.
  • Start on the ground and build up, from easy to difficult, simple to complicated. 
  • Modified ushiro-ukemi, yoko-ukemi, mae-ukemi, mae-mawari-ukemi.

Ne-waza

  • Learn to move on the ground in all directions (crawl, shrimp, roll etc.)
  • Rotate from stomach to back, and change between legs.
  • Basic pinning techniques, and keep control on uke, how to get to it from a turn-over, and how to escape from it.
    • Examples on recommended techniques (The kuzure techniques – without grip around the neck):
      These techniques can often be incorporated in games or different parts of the techniques could.
    • Kuzure kesa gatame,
    • Mune gatame,
    • Kuzure yoko shiho gatame,
    • Kuzure tate shiho gatame,
    • Kami shiho gatame.

Tachi-waza

  • Basic judo positions and how to stand and to move in them.
  • Lay the foundation for adequate balance.
  • Coordinate basic movements without a partner and with a partner.
  • Build the  physical fitness foundation that is needed for learning the basic judo throwing techniques, and the movability to throw them in all directions.
  • Introduce the relation between uke and tori.
  • Examples on recommended techniques with modifications. 
    All techniques start from the ground and then progress from there to standing position, uke does control and decide when to fall and perform a controlled ukemi.
    These techniques can often be incorporated in games or different parts of the techniques could.
    • Osoto otoshi (with modifications in standing its a more gentle throw compared to Osoto gari in the beginning)
    • Hiza guruma 
    • O goshi two variantes;
      • 1st: is like uke goshi with rotation ‘no-lift’ (in comparison O goshi teaches the kid to step around fully compared to uki goshi).
      • 2nd: is first with a static lift for 5 seconds then maybe extended, the lift is to learn balance with a partner on their back, then throw in ultrarapid to learn to lower a partner from the back and to keep control and balance.  
    • Ouchi gari
    • Deashi haria
    • Kouchi gari
    • Kosoto gari
    • Ippon seoi nage
    • Uchi mata 

Guiding principles 

  • Body proportions are very different from adults.
  • Judo-specific skills must be adopted to accommodate these differences. 
  • An essential stage needed for maximal athletic development in later stages.
  • Enhances overall feeling of well-being, confidence and self-esteem.
  • Lays the foundation for development of a strong, healthy body, improved fitness and proper weight control.
  • Older students may be joined at this stage.
  • Need for 30-60 minutes each day of organized activity, dependent on age.
  • Opportunities for unstructured “play” time involving physical activity – up to 60 minutes each day.